A Quick Look at 12 Best Free Open Source Database Management System

Database management software is meant to store data in an organized way so you can retrieve the necessary data when you want it. It becomes easy to manage data when it is stored in a database. There are various types of database management software or free open source database management system that can be used to store data. You can choose amongst them based on the kind kinds and sizes of data.

List of 7 Best Free Database Systems for Small Businesses

Explaining the Different Types of DBMS Software

The databases are majorly divided in 5 types: Relational database, operational database, database warehouses, distributed database and end-user database. Let’s have a look at the types of free and open source DBMS software available in the market:

1. Relational Database Software: These are the most common types of databases. In a relational database, the data is stored in the form of data tables. Each table requires a unique key that is used to connect one table to another. Thus, different tables are related to one another with the help of different key fields. This type of database management software is used in the media and telecom industries.

2. Operational Database Software: An operational database software supports inventory and customer databases. It can keep a track of inventories and store details of customers. The data can be analyzed and utilized for the betterment of an organization.

3. Database Warehouse Software: Some data sets are required to be archived for a long period. These sources of information are required to analyze the data of present year in comparison of those from previous years to predict trends. This makes the process of identifying the key trends easily.

4. Distributed Database Software: The organizations that have various branch offices, regional offices, manufacturing units, distributed databases are used there. Each small group has its own database, which can be combined to form the main database of the organization.

5. End-User database Software: There are different types of users using a database. Each user has a workstation and which acts as a small database itself. It contains data in the form of word files, spreadsheets, and presentations. All these small databases together make the end user database.

Why Opt for Free Open Source Free Online Database System

Free open source database management software gives flexibility, agility, and speed. It is extremely cost effective and has a very low maintenance cost. Let’s have a look its benefits:

  • Minimize Data Redundancy

Duplicate data may create in several places in a basic file management system. This might create data redundancy causing loss of labor and space. In a free open source database management system, several files are integrated in one platform which reduces the chance of data duplicity to almost zero.

  • Sharing Of Data

In a free open source database management system, data can also be shared between multiple users of the database. All users have their own rights and they can access the database up to a particular level. Only the DBA i.e. Database Administration has the complete access of the database.

  • Data Consistency

A free open source database management system controls its redundancy and duplicity which later controls data consistency. Data consistency simply means that if you are updating data in a file then all files need not to be updated again. An open source free DBMS, the data is stored in just one database, so it becomes more consistent.

  • Search Capability

Databases are used so that you get the right data at the right time, with minimum searching. There are numerous queries users may ask about the data. Search speed of an open source database is usually fast and produces quick results.

  • Backup and Recovery

The backup and recovery in any open source database software is extremely easy. These days, data loss is a huge issue for all the organizations. In a traditional file system, you need to backup your data at several intervals, but if you are using an open source dbms, data is backed up automatically.

  • Data Migration

In a database, there are a set of data pieces that are accessed frequently. In an open source dbms, these bits of data are stored in places that can be accessed frequently without any hassle.

7 Best Free Database Systems for Small Businesses

Free dbms systems like MySQL, Oracle, and Altibase are effective as well as efficient in what they do.

Let’s see what are their features, pros and cons of different free database management system examples below:

  • MySQL (Platform: Windows, Linux, and Mac)

MySQL helps in building scalable database applications. There are different editions available for this free database management software like standard, enterprise and classic edition which helps you to build scalable database applications.

Supported Languages: SQL, C, C++, PHP, Java, Perl, Python, and Tcl.

Features:

1. MySQL database management software has a client-server architecture.

2. MySQL supports ODBC interface in this free simple database management system.

3. It supports languages like C++, Java, C, Perl, Python, PHP, and Tcl.

4. It supports full-text search, replication, triggers, transactions, full-text search, and stored procedures.

1 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # It offers a variety of functionalities as compared to its competitors.
  2. # Variety of UI templates that can be used in this free simple database management system.
  3. # It can work with other DBMS software like Oracle and DB2 as well.

Cons:

  1. # A lot of effort and time is needed for MySQL to perform things that are done by other systems automatically.
  2. # Built-in support for OLAP or XML is not present.
  3. # In this free simple database management system, you have to pay for additional support.

Pricing: Price is available on request.

Cloud Version: Yes

  • Altibase (Platform: Linux)

Altibase is one of the best open-source database software. It has 650+ clients which include 8 companies from the Fortune 500. It has deployed 6,000+ critical use cases in different industries.

Supported Languages: C, C++, PHP, all languages that support ODBC or JDBC.

Features:

1. You can get the benefits of both kinds; in-memory database as well as a disk-resident database.

2. Optimize on your scale-out without coordinator-related performance degradation.

3. Optimize on your scale-out without coordinator-related performance degradation.

4. It has relational free DBMS software. It is feature-rich software with different tools required by enterprise -grade applications.

Pros:

  1. # It can be used for heavy workload business systems.
  2. # It offers wider accessibility across various industries.
  3. # Altibase supports disk-resident and in-memory databases as well.

Cons:

  1. # In case you misconfigure, this data management software free will slow down all data operations.

Pricing: It is available free of cost

Cloud Version: Yes

  • SQL Server (Platform: Windows & Linux)

SQL server can be used by any level of enterprise, be it small or large. SQL Server data management software free uses an enhanced data compression technique which reduces your need for more storage. SQL Server also provides reports and insights which can be accessed on windows, android, and iOS devices.

Supported Languages: Java, C++, Python, Ruby, PHP, Visual Basic, R, Delphi, and Go.

Features:

1. You can integrate SQL server with non-relational sources as well.

2. It uses row-level security, data encryption, dynamic data masking and auditing.

3. This free SQL database management software has disaster recovery option as well.

3 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # SQL server is extremely stable and fast.
  2. # You can track and adjust various performance levels.
  3. # Get real-time visualization on mobile devices.
  4. # It works well with Microsoft products too.

Cons:

  1. # Its enterprise pricing might be a little expensive.
  2. # It can gobble multiple resources with performance tuning as well.
  3. # It can cause issues while importing files.

Pricing: Price is available on request.

Cloud Version: No.

  • Oracle (Platform: Windows and Linux)

Oracle provides two types of solutions: on-premises and cloud-based. This free open source database management system solutions can be used by small, medium, as well as large organizations. Cloud infrastructure is also provided here. Oracle uses the standard data encryption algorithms for security purposes.

Supported Languages: Java, C, C++, COBOL, VB, PL and SQL.

Features:

1. It provides features like APIs, JDBC, pre-compilers, PL improvements and SQL language improvements.

2. Content management features like text and media improvements.

3. You can use this for server management, clustering, grid computing and management.

4 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros

  1. # Oracle sets the bar for other free open source database management system, so it is always up to date with other technologies.
  2. # The tools in this database management system are very robust.

Cons

  1. # Significant amount of resources required to implement this database management system.

Pricing: Prices are available on request.

Cloud Version: Yes

  • MongoDB (Platform: Cross-platform)

MongoDB follows a document data-base model. You can use this for developing new apps and renewing the existing ones. MongoDB database management further provides new-age features for real-time analytics and the internet of things.

Supported Languages: C#, C, C++, Java, Ruby, Node.js, Perl, Scala, and PHP

Features:

1. It provides flexibility in deployment for data migrations.

2. Data is stored like JSON – like documents.

3. Mapping objects in this free open source database management system is very easy.

4. Encrypted storage engine is also present.

5 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # This free simple database management system is extremely fast and very easy to use.
  2. # It supports JSON and NoSQL type of documents.
  3. # Any structural data can be stored as well as access easily.
  4. # You can write schema without any extra time.

Cons

  1. # As a query language, SQL is not being used here.
  2. # Its default settings are not that secure.
  3. # An additional task of translating SQL to MongoDB queries is required.

Pricing: Prices are available on request.

Cloud Version: Yes

  • Cubrid (Platform: Windows and Linux)

With enterprise-level features, Cubrid is a relational DBMS software. It is used as an enterprise software for web applications, and social networking. This is a free open source database management system with high scalability and data optimization.

Supported Languages: Java

Features:

1. It provides the feature for automatic volume expansion.

2. You can use databases of any size and number with this database management system.

3. Every functionality is there in this software for web services.

6 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # It has a three – tiered architecture structure which supports SQL syntax.
  2. # There are GUI tools and drivers available for languages PHP, JDBC, Python, Ruby and Pearl.
  3. # It has a feature of auto-failover that enables web service 24/7 online with reliability and easy operability.

Cons:

  1. # The manual is only available in English and Korean languages, other users need to find an alternative to read the instructions.

Pricing: Prices are available on request.

Cloud Version: No

  • MariaDB (Platform: Windows, Linux and Mac)

An open source software, MariaDB relational DBMS software is compatible with MySQL. It can be used for various purposes like banking, website management, and much more. This free open source database management system is created by the same developers who have developed MySQL. Hence, it can be used as a replacement of MySQL as well.

Supported Languages: C#, C++, Java, and Python.

Features:

1. It makes use of the standard query language called MySQL.

2. This DBMS software uses a technology called Galera cluster.

3. It can be used on various platforms.

7 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # It has high scalability and easy integration.
  2. # You get a real-time access to your databases.
  3. # It includes some core functionalities of MySQL including enhanced features like server optimization, storage engines, and patches.
  4. # MariaDB is a great alternative if you want to switch from MySQL.
  5. # This DBMS software can be easily installed and implemented.

Cons:

  1. # There are features that are missing such as a password plugin, optimizer trace, and memcached interface.

Pricing: Prices are available on request.

Cloud Version: Yes

5 Best Open Source Database Management Software 2019 for Your Next Project

These are the 5 best open source database management software you can use for your next project.

  • Airtable

Suitable for: Small teams with limited programming skills.

Airtable is an opensource database software which is cloud-based. It has features where data tables are used for displaying and capturing information, user access for the database, and file sharing capabilities. You can track the tasks with the dashboard and spreadsheets available.

Features:

1. You can filter, rearrange and sort records in Airtable free simple database management system.

2. There is an option to link records between different tables.

3. Get functionalities like calendar management and data synchronization.

4. You can also choose the option for automatic backup.

5. You can access the unlimited data tables that have 1200 records per data base. You can also attach a file up to 2 GB.

8 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # This open source database software system is very easy to get started with.
  2. # Its pre-built database templates can be used for different business purposes like bug and applicant tracking.

Cons:

  1. # This open source database software offers limited functionalities for relational databases which makes it difficult to link records available in different tables.

Pricing: The upgrade cost is high. It has 3 paid plans: Pro, Plus, and Enterprise.

  • PostgreSQL

Suitable for: Businesses looking for a relational database to accommodate NoSQL.

PostgreSQL is an open source and free online database management system which has features like indexing, configuration settings, and version control.

Supported Languages: C, Python, Pearl, SQL, Tcl

Features:

1. You can create NoSQL databases with languages like JSON and Python.

2. It has user-defined types and table inheritance.

3. It has a robust locking system and a native Microsoft server version.

4. You can get point-in-time recovery as well.

9 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # This opensource database software has a huge open source community which has several plugins to improve its functionality.

Cons:

  1. # It takes a very long time to install this free database software.

Pricing: PostgreSQL is available for free. But you have to take care of data backup yourself.

  • QuintaDB

Suitable for: Those who need an easy-to-configure database where many users to view and change the data.

QuintaDB is an open source database management system which is cloud-based. This relational database has features like email or SMS notifications, form builder, and data export and import settings.

Supported Languages: C, C++

Features:

1. The free version of QuintaDB can create up to 5 forms, and up to 1000 records.

2. It has a web-form builder.

3. Functionalities for chart building and widgets are also available.

4. You can detect duplicate data as well.

5. It has a drag-and-drop interface.

6. You can apply conditional formatting.

7. SMS & email confirmations can also be sent with this free database software.

10 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # This open source database software offers flexible settings.
  2. # It allows users to use the database collaboratively.

Cons:

  1. # There are very limited pre-built tools like templates and forms.
  2. # It takes them time to design tables using their CSS.

Pricing: QuintaDB has 6 six paid plans: Standard, Standard Express, Professional, Professional Express, Enterprise and Enterprise Express.

  • Sonadier

Suitable for: Small teams needing an easy-to-use database.

Sonadier is a cloud-based open source database management system that is used for creating web forms and databases. It has a drag and drop interface with features like file management, data sharing and data import – export.

Features:

1. It’s free plan can store file and create forms.

2. It can do up to 10,000 submissions.

3. You can get system audit reporting with this free open source database management system.

4. Get automatic backup with Sonadier DBMS software.

5. It is possible to customize integrations.

6. Database servers and database integration modules are present.

7. Select from the multiple document templates available.

8. Manage multiple files with its advanced file management.

11 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # It has a clean and simple interface which makes creating forms and databases easier.

Cons:

  1. # Their customer support takes a long time to fix bugs.
  2. # Upgradation is required to add more than 5 users.

Pricing: It has two paid plans- Team plan and enterprise plan. You can pay an additional fee if you want to use an additional feature.

  • Redi

Redis is a free open source database management system which has an in-memory data store structure. It can be used as a database, a message broker and a cache as well.

Supported Languages: C, C++, C#, Java, Java Script, Pearl, PHP, Python, R, Ruby

Features:

1. It supports multiple data structures like strings, sets, hashes, lists, and range queries.

2. You can use this open source database management software for bitmaps, geospatial indexes, hyper logs.

3. This online database management system good for data pieces that are frequently updated with time.

13 of 12 Free Open Source Database Management System

Pros:

  1. # This open source database management system can handle atomic operations.
  2. # Quick lookups are possible with this DBMS software.
  3. # It is widely supported in the world of IT as there are several tools built with Redis.

Cons:

  1. # Scaling Redis can be expensive.
  2. # Redis is not suitable for all use cases. It has very simple search capabilities.
  3. # It doesn’t have very good native support to store data in object form.
  4. # You might need to build your own serialization layer over it.

Pricing: Prices are available on request.

The Latest Database Management Trends for 2019 and the Next Year

The database management trends keep of changing year to year. Here are the top 3 database management trends for 2019 and are also applicable for next year:

  • Databases in the cloud:

Combing cloud services and existing applications is a task that every organization is looking to complete. They keep pushing their business on the cloud without weighing the requirements and results. Databases that are on the cloud are present 24 x 7 to organize and help to meet the organization’s goals.

  • Databases that bridge SQL/NoSQL:

The latest databases in use are those that bridge the NoSQL and SQL, giving the best of the best capabilities offered by both. With this, you can access a NoSQL database the same way you can access as a relational database.

  • Focus on security has increased:

The data stored by any organization is always at risk. It is the duty of a DBA to work hand in hand with the IT team to maintain a secure environment for the organization. DBA should join hands with IT to identify the internal weak links that could lead to data vulnerability in the future.

Conclusion

We hope this article was helpful to you. Using a database for free is be great, but using a paid plan makes your database more sound and secure. Here are the top 10 database management software you can use in 2019 and 2020.

Riya Basu

Riya Basu, a core member of the content team at Techjockey.com, has previously worked with several brands related to lifestyle, travel, education and f&b. She is a YouTuber who creates videos around fashion, food and fitness. A photography enthusiast, she loves to write stories around people and places.

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