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Best Relational Database Management System in 2024

What is Relational Database Software?

Relational database software, also known as a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS), is a type of software used to store and manage data in a structured way. Imagine it like a filing cabinet for your digital information, but instead of folders and paper documents, it uses tables and rows to organize everything. Read Buyer’s Guideimg

Top 5 Relational Database Management System in 2024

  • top product arrowMicrosoft SQL Server
  • top product arrowSAP HANA
  • top product arrowSAP IQ
  • top product arrowXata
  • top product arrowOLLI

Best Relational Database Management System

(Showing 1 - 8 of 8 products)

Most PopularNewest FirstTop Rated Products
Microsoft SQL Server

Microsoft SQL Server

Brand: Microsoft Corporation


4.7 out of 5

(1 user reviews)

A comprehensive relational database management system that enables businesses to easily store, retrieve, and manage large volumes of data.... Read More About Microsoft SQL Server read review arrow

$73 /Month



Brand: SAP

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A comprehensive software solution designed for high-performing, and scalable applications.... Read More About SAP HANA read review arrow

Price On Request



Brand: SAP

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A robust software solution designed for large-scale warehouses to help them streamline their daily tasks.... Read More About SAP IQ read review arrow

Price On Request



Brand: Xatabase


4.4 out of 5

(0 user reviews)

Xata is a reliable and efficient relational database software that offers scalability, security, and powerful querying capabilities.... Read More About Xata read review arrow

$20 /month



Brand: Realize


4.4 out of 5

(0 user reviews)

OLLI is a robust relational database software that empowers users with its advanced query optimization capabilities, enabling efficient data retrieval and... Read More About OLLI read review arrow


Relational Database Management System Product List Top Banner - 1
Relational Database Management System Product List Top Banner - 2
Amazon Aurora

Amazon Aurora

Brand: Amazon


5 out of 5

(0 user reviews)

A high-performance, fully managed relational database service that combines traditional databases' power with the cloud's scalability and reliability.... Read More About Amazon Aurora read review arrow

Price On Request

Amazon RDS

Amazon RDS

Brand: Amazon

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... Read More About Amazon RDS img

Price On Request



Brand: Cockroach Labs


4.4 out of 5

(0 user reviews)

CockroachDB is a distributed SQL database system inspired by Google's Spanner, providing high availability, scalability, and consistency.... Read More About CockroachDB read review arrow


Last Updated on : 10 Apr, 2024

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Best Relational Database Management System FAQ’s

Software questions,

Security considerations for relational database management systems include data security, encryption, access control, authentication, data masking, separate database servers, and backups. Data security safeguards information from unauthorized access and modification, while encryption ensures data confidentiality. Access control limits unauthorized access to databases and objects. Authentication verifies user credentials stored in the database. Data masking protects sensitive data, and separate database servers enhance security. Backups are essential for safeguarding against threats like ransomware.

Optimizing the performance of RDBMS involves various strategies to enhance efficiency and responsiveness. These include utilizing a distributed architecture to distribute the database load across multiple servers, creating indexes for foreign keys to improve query performance, optimizing SQL queries for efficient data retrieval, monitoring data performance metrics like CPU and memory usage, utilizing SQL profilers to identify and troubleshoot performance issues, improving indexing strategies to optimize query execution duration, and employing tools like SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer to monitor and analyze database performance.

Backup frequency varies based on data volatility, importance, and available resources. A recommended approach might include full backups every 24 hours, incremental backups every 3 hours, and transaction log backups at least every half-hour.

The frequency of backing up RDBMS databases depends on factors such as the frequency of data changes, data criticality, available storage space, and bandwidth. For a more aggressive approach, consider performing full backups every 24 hours, incremental backups every 3 hours, and transaction log backups at least every half-hour. This ensures that data loss is minimized in the event of system failures or unforeseen incidents, providing resilience and continuity to database operations.

Relational operations manipulate data in tables with defined relationships. Common operations include selection, projection, and join, typically executed using relational database management system SQL (Structured Query Language) statements.

Popular RDBMS examples include Oracle, MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and MariaDB, each offering various tools for development and administration tasks.

RDBMS systems possess four key characteristics known as ACID properties: Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability, essential for ensuring data integrity and reliability.

Relational Database Management System Price List In India

Relational Database Management System Cost
Top Relational Database Management System Starting Price Rating
Microsoft SQL Server $73.00 /Month4.7
Xata $20.00 /month4.4
OLLI$100.00 4.4
CockroachDB$295.00 4.4

Buyer's Guide for Top Relational Database Management System

Found our list of Relational Database Management System helpful? We’re here to help you make the right choice and automate your business processes. Let’s discover some of the essential factors that you must consider to make a smarter decision!

  • What are Relational Database Management Systems?
  • How do we evaluate and select the best Relational Database Management Systems?
  • How Does Relational Database Management Systems Work?
  • What are the different types of RDBMS systems?
  • Licensing Types
  • Deployment Options
  • Best Relational DBMS Systems Comparison
  • Features you should look for in an Relational DBMS
  • How to choose the right Relational DBMS?
  • What are the benefits of Relational Database Management System?
  • What are some common applications of RDBMS systems?
  • What are best practices for securing my RDBMS data?
  • Modules of Relational Database Management System
  • Implementation of Relational DBMS 
  • How much does a Relational Database Management System cost?

What are Relational Database Management Systems?

An RDBMS, short for relational database management system, is a database model designed to organize data into tables, fostering connections between various datasets. Within these tables, data is structured in rows and columns, with each column dedicated to a particular data type, such as names or prices.

Businesses rely on relational databases to manage critical information like customer data, product details, and financial transactions. These databases vary in size from small desktop applications to large enterprise-grade systems and typically use SQL as their query language. They adhere to ACID properties to ensure transaction reliability: atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability.

How do we evaluate and select the best Relational Database Management Systems?

While evaluating and selecting the best relational database management systems for you, our team looked for specific factors that meet your needs. Firstly, the software must boast a user-friendly interface, making it easy for you to navigate and operate. Affordability is also very crucial as it guarantees optimal value for your investment.

Additionally, we considered the popularity of the DBMS relation, as widespread usage often indicates reliability and support. Another important aspect to consider is the compatibility with current systems and the potential for scalability to accommodate future expansion. Overall, we prioritize reliability, ease of use, affordability, and compatibility when choosing the best RDBMS for your requirements.

How Does Relational Database Management Systems Work?

In  relational database management systems, data is efficiently organized and accessed through a structured framework, enabling seamless storage, retrieval, and manipulation of information. Here is how RDBMS work;

  1. Data Organization: Within an RDBMS, data is structured into tables, consisting of both rows and columns. For instance, in a university database scenario, there are tables like "Courses" and "Students." The "Courses" table may include columns like CourseID, Title, Instructor, Credits, and Schedule, while the "Students" table could have columns such as StudentID, Name, Email, and Major.
  2. Data Relationships: These tables establish relationships through primary keys. For example, the "Courses" table's primary key, CourseID, uniquely identifies each course record, and similarly, the "Students" table's primary key, StudentID, uniquely identifies each student record. Relationships between tables enable actions like students enrolling in courses.
  3. Data Definition: Using Data Definition Language (DDL), the database structure is defined by creating tables and specifying their columns and data types. This step ensures data consistency and integrity.
  4. Data Manipulation: Data Manipulation Language (DML) allows operations on data. For example, new records can be inserted into the "Courses" and "Students" tables, adding information like course titles and student details.
  5. Query Processing: Upon receiving a user query, the RDBMS processes and fine-tunes it for optimal execution efficiency. For instance, a query like "SELECT * FROM Courses WHERE Credits > 3" retrieves courses with more than 3 credits. The RDBMS processes the query, retrieves matching records, and presents the results.
  6. Data Integrity: The RDBMS upholds data integrity by implementing constraints, thus safeguarding the validity and precision of the data. For instance, foreign key constraints between tables maintain data relationships, allowing only valid student IDs to be used in course enrollments.
  7. Transaction Management: RDBMS supports transaction management to maintain data consistency. Transactions consolidate related operations and guarantee that either all modifications are applied or none at all, thereby averting data inconsistencies.
  8. Concurrency Control: Concurrency control mechanisms like locking or multiversioning prevent conflicts in concurrent data access, ensuring data consistency and integrity.
  9. Indexing and Performance Optimization: In RDBMS, indexes play a crucial role in accelerating data retrieval, thereby optimizing query performance. For instance, having an index on the "Title" column within the "Courses" table enables swift and efficient searching and retrieval based on course titles.
  10. Security and Access Control: RDBMS provides security mechanisms for controlling data access. User authentication and authorization mechanisms guarantee that solely authorized individuals can access and modify data, thus fortifying the protection of sensitive information.

What are the different types of RDBMS systems?

Relational databases can be classified into two main types based on licensing and deployment options. Read below to know types of relational database management systems;

Licensing Types

Relational databases are classified into two main categories based on licensing;

  • Open-Source Databases: Open-source databases provide their source code for public access and modification. Relational database management system examples include MySQL and PostgreSQL. These databases offer flexibility and cost-effectiveness, making them popular choices for various applications. Users can freely download and modify the code to suit their needs, fostering innovation and community collaboration.
  • Commercially Supported Databases: Commercial or proprietary databases are owned and licensed by the developing entity. Examples of relational DBMS include Oracle Database and Microsoft SQL Server. These databases typically offer comprehensive support, advanced features, and enterprise-grade security. While they may involve licensing fees, they often provide robust support and additional services.

Deployment Options

Relational databases can be deployed either in the cloud or on-premises, each offering distinct advantages;

  • Cloud-Based RDBMS: Cloud-based relational databases are deployed on cloud infrastructure, offering scalability, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness. Examples for relational database management system include Azure SQL. These solutions remove the requirement for managing on-site hardware. Instead, organizations can focus on strategic initiatives and pay only for resources they use.
  • On-Premises RDBMS: On-premises RDBMS solutions are deployed within an organization's infrastructure, providing complete control over hardware and software resources. Examples include Oracle Database deployed on-premises. While requiring initial setup and ongoing maintenance, on-premises solutions offer enhanced security and control over sensitive data.

Best Relational DBMS Systems Comparison

Below is a comparison table of some of the best relational database in DBMS;

Top 10 Relational DBMS Comparison
Softwares Relational DBMS Key Features Relational DBMS Prices
Microsoft SQL Server Ad hoc Reporting, Data Storage Management, Performance Metrics, Search/Filter $13748 one-time payment
Google Cloud SQL Data Migration, Monitoring, Storage Optimization, Relational Database Pricing is Pay As You Go
TeamDesk Customer Database, Appointment Scheduling, Compliance Tracking, Document Management Starts at $49/month
Windocks Data Mapping, Software Development, Collaboration Tools, Code Refactoring Starts at $799/month
Raima Database Manager (RDM) Data Migration, Data Replication, Real Time Data, Reporting & Statistics One Time License
ScaleGrid Data Recovery, Monitoring, SSL Security, Automatic Backup Starts at $10/month
InterSystems IRIS Data Migration, Data Replication, Performance Analysis, Database Conversion Free
Incorta Data Mapping, Visual Analytics, Real Time Data, Activity Dashboard Free Trial
FlowWright Activity Tracking, Document Storage, Real Time Reporting, Task Management Starts at $12000/year
DreamFactory Analytics, Database Creation / Development, Traffic Control, API Design Starts at Starting at $1500/month

Features you should look for in an Relational DBMS

Key features to consider in a Relational DBMS, are;

  1. Data Storage: Relational databases store data in tables, organized into rows and columns. Each row typically has a primary key for unique identification, facilitating efficient data retrieval and manipulation.
  2. Data Modification: Relational database in DBMSs enable users to update and retrieve data efficiently using structured query language (SQL). This feature is crucial for managing and accessing large volumes of data stored in the database.
  3. Database Creation and Maintenance: Relational DBMSs allow for the quick creation and modification of databases, providing users with flexibility in managing their data structures.
  4. Indexing: Indexing in relational databases establishes relationships between data elements through keys and indexes. This enhances data access and search capabilities, optimizing database performance.
  5. Scalability: Relational database solutions offer scalability to accommodate growing data volumes, whether on physical servers or in the cloud. This ensures that database systems can handle increasing data loads over time.
  6. Data Security: Relational DBMSs incorporate strong data security measures to safeguard sensitive information against unauthorized access or breaches. These include encryption, access controls, and customizable security routines to safeguard data integrity and confidentiality.
  7. Access Control: Administrators have granular control over user access, allowing them to define permissions based on roles and responsibilities. By implementing stringent access controls and authentication mechanisms, relational databases guarantee that only authorized users can retrieve specific data stored within the database, thus enhancing data security and confidentiality.
  8. OS Compatibility: Regarding operating system compatibility, relational databases are designed to operate across a wide range of platforms. This flexibility allows users to deploy the database system on their preferred operating system without worrying about compatibility concerns.
  9. Recovery: Relational DBMSs often include features for database recovery and rollback. This ensures data integrity and availability, even in the face of system breakdown or data corruption. These systems often utilize techniques such as replication, failover mechanisms, and automated backups to minimize downtime and prevent data loss, thereby enhancing overall system reliability and resilience.
  10. Multi-User Access: RDBMS solutions support concurrent access by multiple users, preventing conflicts and ensuring data consistency. This feature facilitates collaborative work environments without compromising data integrity.

How to choose the right Relational DBMS?

Before diving into selecting a relational database management system, it's crucial to understand what factors to consider. Here are some tips to help you choose the right RDBMS;

  1. Schema Design: When it comes to safeguarding your relational database management system data, one of the fundamental aspects is designing a robust schema. This involves implementing best practices in relational database design in DBMS. By creating a well-structured schema using techniques like normalization, you can minimize data redundancy and enhance data integrity. Such measures are crucial for maintaining a secure database environment and protecting your data from unauthorized access.
  2. Performance Metrics: Opt for a DBMS that efficiently handles query processing, indexing, and hardware setup. Regular monitoring and tuning are vital for sustained peak performance.
  3. Scalability: Choose a DBMS that can seamlessly scale to accommodate growing data volumes, user traffic, and transaction loads. Cloud solutions offer dynamic scalability to meet evolving demands.
  4. Concurrency Management: Consider a DBMS that effectively handles multiple simultaneous database activities through mechanisms like locking and transaction management. This provides a smooth conflict-free execution with consistent data.
  5. Security Protocols: Prioritize data security by selecting a DBMS with strong access controls, encryption features, and regular security audits. These measures help safeguard your data against breaches and vulnerabilities, ensuring its integrity and confidentiality.
  6. Backup and Disaster Recovery: Opt for a DBMS with reliable backup and recovery capabilities to mitigate the risks of data loss during unexpected failures. Implementing robust strategies ensures that your data remains accessible and intact, even in the face of disasters or system failures.
  7. Integration Capabilities: Look for a DBMS that seamlessly integrates with other tools and technologies, facilitating smooth data flow and enhancing interoperability. The compatibility of relational databases with contemporary APIs and data exchange formats simplifies integration processes and makes way for efficient communication between different systems and applications.
  8. Operational Costs: Evaluate the total cost of ownership, encompassing licensing fees, ongoing maintenance expenses, and potential costs associated with system downtime or necessary upgrades. Understanding and planning for these ongoing expenses is important for effective financial management.
  9. Data Integrity Checks: Ensure data consistency and reliability by implementing robust data validation and integrity constraints within your chosen DBMS. By enforcing these checks, you can maintain the quality and accuracy of your data, reducing the risk of errors or discrepancies.
  10. Flexibility in Schema Evolution: Select a DBMS that offers flexibility in schema evolution, allowing for seamless alterations without imposing significant overhead. This flexibility fosters agility and adaptability, enabling your system to evolve and meet changing business requirements without disruption
  11. Documentation & Support: Prioritize access to comprehensive documentation and responsive customer support when choosing a DBMS. Having reliable resources and assistance readily available ensures timely issue resolution and maximizes productivity, empowering users to effectively utilize and troubleshoot the system.

What are the benefits of Relational Database Management System?

Relational database management systems offer several benefits that make them essential tools for businesses in managing their data effectively;

  1. Data Integrity: When choosing a database management system, it's crucial to include thorough checks for data integrity. These tests serve to ensure data dependability and consistency by implementing strong validation methods and integrity requirements inside the chosen DBMS.
  2. Flexibility and Scalability: By enabling changes to the database structure without jeopardizing previously collected data or running applications, RDBMS offer flexibility in handling shifting data requirements. They are appropriate for enterprise-level applications as they can manage massive data volumes with efficiency. 
  3. Data Association: Relational databases excel in storing and retrieving associative data, creating meaningful connections between primary keys and related descriptions. This improves data organization for various purposes such as e-commerce order details, patient information, or stock tracking.
  4. Targeted Query Results: RDBMS enables businesses to build interconnected databases that quickly return important information as needed. By using join operations and table aliases, users can query across multiple tables to build precise outputs, eliminating the need for storing vast quantities of data in a single table.
  5. Ease of Use: Relational databases are designed to be easy to build and use, with a low learning curve. Basic training on the software allows users to make the most of relational database tools.
  6. Data Consistency: RDBMS adhere to the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) model, ensuring structured and consistent data sets. This consistency facilitates reliable transactions even in the case of system outages or disruptions. .
  7. Speed: The tabular format of relational databases enables quick data retrieval, while the standard SQL language used for querying ensures faster data pull.
  8. Better Decision-Making: Relational databases provide well-organized, up-to-date data, enabling organizations to make accurate and timely decisions based on reliable information.

What are some common applications of RDBMS systems?

Relational database management systems find wide application across diverse industries and sectors due to their versatility and reliability. Here are some examples of RDBMS applications;

  1. Business Applications: RDBMS serves as the foundation for business applications, handling large volumes of struct[;ured data for ERP (enterprise resource planning), HRM (human resource management) systems, and CRM (customer relationship management).
  2. E-commerce Platforms: RDBMS is integral to e-commerce platforms, managing product catalogs, inventory, customer data, orders, and transactions. In addition to supporting extensive product search queries and assisting quick order processing, it guarantees data consistency. 
  3. Financial Systems: To manage bank transactions, books of accounts, financial data, and risk analysis, financial systems require RDBMS. It maintains data quality and security while also supporting complicated queries to aid in financial analysis and decisions.
  4. Healthcare Information Systems: To store and handle patient data, medical records, test results, and healthcare information, RDBMS is frequently utilized in healthcare information systems. It ensures data accuracy, simplifies healthcare analytics, and offers quick patient information retrieval.
  5. Ticketing and Reservation Systems: The reservation and ticketing systems used by hotels, event management firms, railroads, and airplanes are powered by RDBMS. These systems efficiently handle bookings, monitor availability, and assure data consistency across several transactions for smooth consumer experiences.
  6. Education Systems: RDBMS is used by educational institutions to manage student data, course enrollment, scores, and educational records. This technology enables the efficient retrieval of student data, offers reporting features, and helps educators and administrators make decisions.
  7. Supply Chain Management: Supply chain management systems rely heavily on RDBMS to manage inventories, track shipments, and keep an eye on logistical data. In order to ensure maximum efficiency, it ensures data accuracy, makes demand forecasting easier, and simplifies a number of supply chain procedures.
  8. Social Media and Content Management: Online social networks, content management platforms, and digital publishing systems all rely on RDBMS. They use it to organize user profiles, store content, and enable efficient searching and indexing of data. This technology ensures that users can easily find and access content on these platforms without interruptions.

What are best practices for securing my RDBMS data?

Securing your relational database management system data is crucial to safeguard sensitive information and mitigate cybersecurity risks effectively. It's an ongoing process requiring continuous vigilance and maintenance. Here are essential best practices to ensure the security of your RDBMS data:

  • Choose a secure RDBMS:  Start by selecting an RDBMS that prioritizes security and aligns with your organization's needs. Look for features such as robust encryption standards, user authentication, access control, audit logging, and efficient backup and recovery options. Evaluate different RDBMS vendors and platforms to find one that offers strong security measures while meeting your business requirements and budget constraints.
  • Implement the principle of least privilege: Adopt the principle of least privilege to limit access rights for users and roles to only what is necessary for their specific work. By restricting access to essential functions and data, you reduce the risk of unauthorized or malicious activities. Regularly review and update user privileges to ensure compliance and minimize security vulnerabilities.
  • Validate and sanitize user input: Prevent potential SQL injection attacks by thoroughly validating and sanitizing user input before processing it in your RDBMS. Use parameterized queries or prepared statements to separate data from commands, reducing the likelihood of injection attacks. Implement strict input validation checks to detect and reject any invalid or suspicious input.
  • Monitor and audit your RDBMS activity: Establish robust monitoring and auditing procedures to track user activities and system events within your RDBMS environment. Regularly review logs and audit trails to identify any unauthorized access attempts, unusual behavior, or security incidents promptly. Implement automated alerts to notify administrators of suspicious activities, enabling timely response and mitigation of potential threats.
  • Backup and update your RDBMS regularly: Maintain regular backup schedules for your RDBMS data and configuration files to ensure data integrity and availability in the event of system failures or security breaches. Test backups regularly to verify their reliability and effectiveness in restoring data when needed. Additionally, keep your RDBMS software and underlying operating system up to date by applying security patches and updates promptly to address known vulnerabilities and enhance system security.

Modules of Relational Database Management System

Relational database management systems consist of several modules that work together to manage and manipulate data efficiently. Below are some key modules of an RDBMS;

  1. Entity-Relationship (ER) Diagram: The ER diagram is a visual tool used for designing and analyzing relational databases. It helps in defining the structure of the database, identifying entities, their attributes, and the relationships between them. ER diagrams streamline database design processes, improve outcomes, and uncover valuable insights.
  2. Normalization: Normalization is a fundamental concept in relational data modeling aimed at reducing redundancy and improving data integrity. This involves arranging data into tables and creating connections to avoid repeating the same information. A well-designed database keeps redundancy to a minimum, making it easier to store and find data.
  3. Storage Engine: The storage engine is the central part of an RDBMS. It manages interactions with the operating system's file system, handling tasks like storing and retrieving data. It handles data storage, indexing, and retrieval operations efficiently. All SQL queries that interact with the underlying data pass through the storage engine, ensuring optimal performance.
  4. Concurrency Control: Concurrency control mechanisms are essential in relational databases to manage multiple transactions concurrently and prevent interference between them. One common method employed for concurrency control is locking, which restricts access to data resources during transactions to maintain consistency and integrity.
  5. Database Abstraction: Database abstraction is a critical feature of RDBMS that abstracts irrelevant details from users and provides a simplified, abstract view of the data. It facilitates easy and efficient interaction between users and the database by hiding complex implementation details. Database abstraction enhances usability and ensures consistency in data access and manipulation.

Implementation of Relational DBMS 

Implementing a relational database management system (RDBMS) involves strategic planning and considerations tailored to an organization's specific needs. Here are some key aspects to consider during the implementation process;

  1. Assess Organizational Needs: Before selecting an RDBMS, assess your organization's requirements and objectives. Consider factors such as data accuracy, scalability, concurrency, performance, and reliability. Understanding these needs will help in choosing the most suitable RDBMS solution that best aligns with your organization's objectives.
  2. Centralize Data Management: Optimize data tracking and management by centralizing your data within the RDBMS. Instead of dispersing data across multiple spreadsheets or file formats, consolidate it into a single, organized database. Centralization enhances data accessibility, improves data integrity, and simplifies data maintenance processes.
  3. Streamline Data Collection: Prioritize data collection based on its relevance and necessity for your organization. Collect only the data that is critical to the company operations and governance. By avoiding unnecessary data accumulation, you can conserve storage space, reduce data redundancy, and enhance overall data quality.

How much does a Relational Database Management System cost?

The cost of a  relational database management system varies based on the type of software and pricing model. Some RDBMS options are available for free, while others operate on a pay-as-you-go or one-time license fee basis. Paid Relational Database Management System can cost you around $10 to $1500 for a month.

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