Educational Management and Its Types, Importance & Benefits

Educational Management and Its Types, Importance & Benefits-feature image
May 13, 2024 11 Min read

Nelson Mandela once quoted, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” Education not only lowers unemployment rates and increases GDP growth, but it also plays a significant role in building a harmonious and prosperous society. Therefore, in order to enhance literacy on a national scale, it is crucial to establish an effective educational management system. 

According to Fortune Business Insights, the market for learning management systems is expected to increase from $18.26 billion in 2023 to $47.47 billion by 2030, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.6%. This data is enough to show the need of educational management software in the current education sector. 

With that said, in this blog we will explore the different types of educational management, delve into its importance in today’s fast-paced world, and uncover the benefits it brings to the education sector. 

What is Educational Management? 

Educational management is referred to as the planning, controlling and supervising all the resources and activities that are necessary to achieve academic goals. The main purpose of educational management is to make policies, strategize plans and develop an effective education system to foster a positive environment for both students and staff.

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Types of Educational Management 

There are various types of educational management that shape the future of students and institutions.  

  • Centralized Educational Management 
  • Decentralized Educational Management 
  • External and Internal Educational Management 
  • Autocratic and Democratic Educational management 

Let’s take a look at each types of management approaches and understand them better.

Centralized Educational Management

In this, one person holds all the power and authority of running the education system. Each and every decision is made by one person at the highest level and then passed down to lower levels for action. 

Decentralized Education Management

This concept of educational management refers to the delegation of control and authority from centralized management to every level of management and school administrators. For example, the top-level management makes major policies, and the middle and lower levels make the necessary changes.  

Internal and External Educational Management 

Internal educational management involves only the individuals who are directly responsible for managing each educational program. These individuals handle all aspects of planning, organizing, coordinating, supervising, controlling, administering, and evaluating. 

On the other hand, external educational management is the management type in which the policies and other aspects are handled by government bodies or external organizations to govern educational institutions. It involves overseeing curriculum development, teacher training programs, and more. 

Autocratic and Democratic Educational Management 

Like Centralized Educational management, Autocratic involves the concentration of authority and control in the hands of a single individual, group, or institution. This types of educational administration is commonly seen in unitary states or authoritarian management. 

Unlike autocratic educational management projects, democratic educational management involves sharing power and responsibilities among different levels of management. This approach to student management is widely used nowadays and is crucial for bringing about a much-needed positive transformation in the education system. 

Best Software You Can Use for Educational Management 

When it comes to educational management, there are several software solutions that can help streamline administrative tasks, enhance communication, and improve overall efficiency. Here are some of the best software options for educational or learning management: 

  1. Teachmint
  2. Classplus
  3. Campus 465
  4. Edmingle
  5. Tata Classedge

Importance of Educational Management 

Educational management plays an important role in the overall functioning and success of educational institutions.  Whether you are running a school, college, university, or any other learning organization, these are some of the key reasons to emphasize on educational management: 

Better Planning and Execution 

One of the key reasons why educational management is important is that it allows for better planning and execution. When there is effective management in place, educational institutions can develop clear goals and objectives, create strategic plans, and allocate resources efficiently. This ensures that every aspect of the education system functions smoothly, from curriculum development to student support services. 

Maximum Utilization of Resources

Schools and institutions can easily avoid unnecessary expenses, including financial, human, and material resources. When they analyze data on student enrollment, faculty workload, and infrastructure needs, administrators can allocate resources effectively and ensure that every dollar spent contributes to enhancing the quality of education. 

Note: When we refer to resources, we include both material and human resources. 

Maintain a Positive Image 

Maintaining a positive image can be a game changer for your educational institute. A positive image enhances the reputation of an educational institution, attracting more students and stakeholders. The way an institution is perceived by the public plays a significant role in its success. Moreover, a positive image builds trust and credibility among parents, students, and the community at large. 

Benefits of Educational Management 

Educational management benefits schools in various ways. It offers a positive environment for both students and teachers. Here are some of the benefits of good educational management:  

  • Better student outcomes: When educational management and planning is done effectively, it can result in improved student achievement and outcomes. This happens because resources are used efficiently and effectively to support student learning. 
  • Improved collaboration: It has the potential to foster collaboration and partnership among stakeholders. It results in a more interconnected education system. 
  • Boosted Morale: Effective educational management helps increase job satisfaction and morale among educators, which creates a positive and supportive learning environment. 
  • Strategic Planning: Effective education management involves long-term planning to set goals and define a clear vision for the institution’s future. It includes forecasting trends in education, anticipating challenges, identifying opportunities for growth, and developing strategies to achieve the desired outcome. 
  • Efficient Resource Allocation: By effectively managing resources such as finances, facilities, technology, and human capital, educational institutes can ensure that the resources are used properly.  

Principles of Educational Management 

The principles of educational management are adopted by institutions to ensure smooth functioning of their operations and offering students a high-quality education. Here are some basic principles are: 

Equal division of work: This principle of education management implies that the responsibilities are divided evenly between all the staff, like Principal, Directors, Teachers, etc. 

Authority and Responsibility: Ensure an efficient administrative structure by assigning authority that aligns with corresponding responsibilities. For example, teachers have the authority and responsibilities to take care of students and not to make policies. 

Prioritize organizational goals: It is important to prioritize academic objectives and organizational goals over individual interests. 

Fair Remuneration: This principle emphasizes the importance of providing fair compensation to employees for their work. In the field of education management, this means that teachers and staff members are getting competitive salaries and benefits. 

Appropriate resource allocation: The resources that are distributed should effectively meet the needs of both employees and the institution. 

Collaboration and innovation: Foster a culture of innovation, where ideas are freely shared and collaboration is encouraged, to continuously improve the work environment. 

What are Some of the Best Practices in Educational Management?

Best Practices in Educational Management

There are several best practices in educational management that can contribute to the success of educational institutions. It involves the planning, organizing, and controlling of educational resources to achieve the goals effectively and efficiently. Some of the best practices in educational management include: 

  • A strong leadership: An effective and strong leadership is quite crucial in Learning Management Software (LMS). Leaders are responsible for providing guidance, support and motivation to foster a good and positive school environment. So, they should have strong leadership skills like clear vision, problem solving skills and decision-making abilities. 
  • Student and teacher development: One best practice is promoting a growth mindset among teachers and students. This involves providing ongoing professional development opportunities for teachers and encouraging students to embrace challenges and persist in the face of obstacles. When you implement those best practices in educational or learning management, you can cultivate an environment where both students and teachers are working together for continuous improvement. 
  • Effective communication: Clear and open communication is crucial in educational management. Managers should establish effective channels to share information with the staff, students, parents/guardians, and the broader community. Moreover, regular communication facilitates transparency and helps build positive relationships. 
  • Use of technology: There are many modern trends in educational management and educational managers should embrace technology to enhance teaching and learning. This includes integrating technology into lessons, providing professional development opportunities to teachers through technology tools, and ensuring access to resources such as computers and internet connectivity. 
  • Focus on student-centered approaches: Educational managers should prioritize student-centered approaches in curriculum design and teaching practices. This means tailoring instruction to individual student needs, promoting active learning strategies, fostering critical thinking skills, and encouraging student engagement. 
  • Engage with parents and community: Collaboration with parents/guardians and the broader community is essential for educational institutions. Educational managers should actively involve parents in their child’s education through regular communication, parent-teacher conferences, and involvement in decision-making processes. Engaging in the community can also lead to better additional resources, support, and opportunities for students. 

How to Develop and Implement an Educational Management Plan?

Developing and implementing an educational management plan involves several key steps. Here is a general outline or say, the process of education management: 

  • Set Goals and Objectives: To implement and develop an educational management plan, you should begin by identifying the goals and objectives of the educational institution or program. These goals should be specific and achievable.  
  • Conduct a Assessment: After you have successfully set the objectives of education management, it’s time to conduct the assessment. Conduct a thorough needs assessment to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and challenges within the educational institution or program. This may include analyzing student performance data, gathering feedback from stakeholders, assessing resources and infrastructure, and conducting a SWOT analysis. 
  • Develop Strategies: After you have successfully set the goals, it’s time to develop strategies on how to achieve those goals. You need to develop strategies to address areas of improvement and to achieve desired outcomes. Additionally, these strategies should be aligned with the best practices in education management.
  • Allocate Resources: Now, determine the necessary resources (financial, human, technological) and allocate them accordingly.
  • Assign Duties: Now that you have allocated the resources, you need to assign duties. Break down each strategy into actionable steps and assign responsibilities to individuals or teams who will be responsible for carrying out these action steps. 
  • Monitor Progress: Regularly monitor and evaluate the progress of implementation by collecting data and evidence related to each action step’s effectiveness. Use this information to make any necessary adjustments or revisions to improve outcomes. 

What Is the Scope of Education Management?

In simple terms, the scope of any subject or discipline is the range and extent of what it covers. This also applies to educational management as a field of study within education. Similarly, education management encompasses a broad scope to improve educational institutes’ efficiency, effectiveness, and quality, impacting both students and educators. It includes: 

  • School Administration and Leadership 
  • Curriculum Development and Improvement.
  • Teacher Training and Professional Development 
  • Student Assessment and Performance Evaluation 
  • Resource Allocation and Budgeting 
  • Policy Formulation and Educational Governance 

Key Takeaways 

As we are about to conclude our blog on the educational management and its types, importance and benefits, here are some key takeaways to look at: 

  • Educational management involves planning, controlling, and supervising all resources to achieve academic goals.
  • Types of educational management include centralized, decentralized, internal, external, autocratic, and democratic.  
  • Software solutions like Teachmint and Campus 465 can streamline administrative tasks. 
  • It is vital for better planning, resource utilization, and maintaining a positive image. 
  • Principles of educational management include fair remuneration, equal division of work, and collaboration.  
  • Best practices include strong leadership, student and teacher development, effective communication, technology integration, student-centered approaches, and engaging parents and the community.  
  • Developing and implementing an education management plan involves setting goals, conducting assessments, developing strategies, allocating resources, assigning duties, and monitoring progress. 

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are the three concepts of educational management? 

    The three concept of educational management are setting objectives, allocating resources and planning for progress. 

  2. What are the stages of educational management? 

    The stages of educational management typically involve setting goals, conducting assessments, developing strategies, allocating resources, assigning duties, and monitoring progress.

  3. What is the importance of educational administration and management? 

    Educational administration and management are vital as they enable efficient planning, resource allocation, and the maintenance of a positive image for educational institutions.

  4. What are the characteristics of educational management?

    Characteristics of educational management include equal division of work, authority and responsibility alignment, unity of command, prioritization of organizational goals, fair remuneration, appropriate resource allocation, and a culture of collaboration and innovation. 

  5. What are the components of educational management?

    Components of educational management includes school administration, curriculum development, teacher training, student assessment, resource allocation, and policy formulation.


Written by Shubham Roy

Shubham Roy is an experienced writer with a strong Technical and Business background. With over three years of experience as a content writer, he has honed his skills in various domains, including technical writing, business, software, Travel, Food and finance. His passion for creating engaging and informative content... Read more

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